The desire to move to another country is widespread, especially in times of crisis and economic uncertainty. Recently, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimated that approximately 1 million Brazilians live in the United States. This number makes Brazil the country with the largest number of natives in the American country.
On average, the year-over-year increase in the number of Green Card orders is 25% to 30%, according to Travel.State.Gov (US Department of State), in partnership with the consultant Elite International Realty.
What is a Green Card?
In this topic, you will have a complete explanation of the Green Card and why many non-US citizens want this document so severely.
The Green Card is a card that guarantees foreigners to live in the United States. Through it, the immigrant can work in the American country.
Known as the US Permanent Resident Card, and is a visa granted by the American government that guarantees the possibility of housing, work, and payment of taxes. The holder of this document can still work in any region and have studied at more affordable prices than foreigners’ price.
The Green Card is a permanent visa and different from the others; you can permanently stay in the American country. In contrast, the other visas give you the right to stay for a determined period per year, such as three months every six months, for example.
Its only restriction is on a probable period of absence from the United States. The Green Cardholder cannot stay abroad for more than one year; as the Green Card is a permanent visa, the government understands that its holder wishes to take up residence in the United States.
- Payment of applicable state and federal taxes;
- Men aged 18 to 25 must file with the Selection Service;
- Good moral character and physical presence requirements;
- Access to world-class medical care;
- Travel outside the USA (provided that it has authorization and adequate documentation, in addition to stating a stipulated return period);
- Option to obtain US citizenship;
The Green Card, however similar, is different from American Citizenship. Citizenship guarantees foreigners the same rights as an American citizen, such as being elected to public office, participating in elections, and receiving government assistance in case of need for a trip abroad.
The American passport is also another difference: only those who have citizenship can hold the American passport.
The American citizen also has more freedom than the Green Cardholder. They need to warn the government that they will be absent from the United States for a specific time, something not required for the American citizen. But calm down, is it possible for the Green Card holder to become an American citizen? The answer is yes!
He can apply for citizenship. How does the Green Card work? The Green Card works as a 100% permanent visa; that is, you can take up residence in the country instead of staying only 180 days as permitted by the tourist visa. The document also guarantees that the holder can work and pay taxes, in addition to applying for US citizenship. The American Government always looks favorably on all Green Card holders, especially when they need support. Holders of this visa can still study in great schools, have health plans, security, and win a great job.
How does the Green Card work?
The Green Card works as a 100% permanent visa; that is, you can take up residence in the country instead of staying only 180 days as permitted by the tourist visa. The document also guarantees that the holder can work and pay taxes, in addition to applying for US citizenship.
The American Government always looks favorably on all Green Card holders, especially when they need support. Holders of this visa can still study in great schools, have health plans, security, and win a great job.
What are the Green Card types?
When talking about Green Card, few people know that it is divided into four categories. Check now what are the types of Green Card:
All those related to Americans or legal residents of the country can earn a Green Card after a period.
Participation will be required, responsible for sponsoring the immigrant’s departure.
The EB-5 visa is the most coveted visa by all foreigners. It is aimed at investments and job creation and allowing its holder to live in the country.
The amount for issuing this visa can reach up to the US $ 1.8 million. Due to the crisis, the price increase reached 80% in previous years. It is important to note that this visa holder must generate at least ten jobs in the country for two years from the issue.
It is necessary to invest in an existing business in a licensed company by the American government. That is part of the fundraising of this action or to set up a new business, something that will require more bureaucracy and time.
After completing all the procedures, the applicant can apply for the Green Card, taking up to two years to be ready.
The HB-1 visa is intended for all those professionals who have an academic background or work experience equivalent to a bachelor’s degree. The latter works if the applicant does not have a diploma and has worked for three years equivalent to one year of baccalaureate study.
In addition to meeting these requirements, the visa applicant must be fluent in English and have an employer representative. The visa is only issued if the company proves no other American capable of fulfilling a specific function.
With the hiring of the foreigner, the foreigner is entitled to the Green Card. A
Nother visa capable of granting the Green Card’s right is the L1, whose primary destination is workers who have been transferred from multinational companies based in the United States. For this visa to be valid, this employee must be at least one consecutive year in the same company in the last three years.
It is also possible to be a Green Card holder through marriage.
Those who are going to marry an American citizen and the ceremony will take place in the United States.
It is worth saying that it is a crime to hold a facade wedding to reside and earn the Green Card.
It is also possible to win the Green Card through luck. Prepare your rabbit’s foot and your clover!
Every year, the government runs a lottery that grants the Green Card to a certain number of foreigners. To participate, you must bring all the required documentation and, in case of acceptance, the entire family must arrange to move to the country in six months.
Unfortunately, the government understands that many Brazilians live in the United States and, therefore, Brazilian citizens can no longer apply.
How to get a Green Card in the United States?
To obtain a Green Card in the States, you will need to complete a series of steps:
The first of these is whether you fit all the requirements and file a request with the Immigration Service (USCIS). With this, you will complete a form, according to the category:
- Form I-l130 refers to family ties;
- Form I-l140 is intended for employers;
- Form I-1526 to entrepreneurs;
- Form I-l360 is intended for immigrants;
Humanitarian programs are exempt from filling out the forms.
You will then need to wait for the approval. After it leaves, the applicant must pay all fees and send the documentation.
At that moment, the sworn translation service may be requested: the process of translating a foreign document so that it is valid in Brazil, or, conversely, for a national document to be valid abroad. To learn more about the Sworn Translation service, click here! Another step that can be requested is the Hague Apostille :
a service that aims to allow a national public document to be recognized in a foreign country. After all these procedures, the applicant will undergo an interview. Going through this interview, the document that will reach the applicant is the Visa Packet, a document that will contain information about the Green Card application process.
How long does it take to get a Green Card?
The time required to obtain a Green Card is very variable, with no fixed deadline. Many factors define the term, such as the category chosen and the number of orders received in the same period.
Obtaining a Green Card through an EB-5 visa can take more than a year, as petition I-526, referred to as EB-5, takes up to eight months to be judged by the USCIS. Subsequently, the Green Card will be processed by the State Department through the American Consulate or Embassy.
On average, all processing takes four to ten months. It is always advisable to follow the process with a lawyer to streamline the entire process. Some cases can take up to five years to complete.